An early photo of the 314th Troop Carrier Group’s Fairchild C-119B Flying Boxcar #48-352 operating from a base in South Korea in 1953. This is the exact C-119 that is being transported to the Air Mobility Command Museum at Dover Air Force Base, Del., for restoration and display. (Courtesy photo)

An early photo of the 314th Troop Carrier Group’s Fairchild C-119B Flying Boxcar #48-352 operating from a base in South Korea in 1953. This is the exact C-119 that is being transported to the Air Mobility Command Museum at Dover Air Force Base, Del., for restoration and display. (Courtesy photo)

A true piece of American history that has sat in the Mojave Desert for decades and was slated to be turned into scrap metal will now have a new home at the Air Mobility Command Museum.  A C-5M Super Galaxy, operated by the 709th Airlift Squadron, and an AMC Museum team traveled to Edwards Air Force Base, California Dec. 16 – 19, 2016, to transport portions of the Fairchild C-119B Flying Boxcar #48-0352 “Am Can Co Special” to the AMC Museum at Dover AFB for restoration and display.

The C-119 was a military transport aircraft used primarily to carry cargo, personnel and equipment. It also had airdrop capabilities. The U.S. flew them from 1947 to 1974.According to John Taylor, AMC Museum director, when this C-119 arrives at the museum, it will be arguably the most historic aircraft in its collection. “It’s the second-oldest C-119 in existence,” said Taylor, “and the only surviving aircraft from the operation that air-dropped mobile bridge sections to Marines during the Battle of Chosin Reservoir.”

KOREAN WAR: AIRCRAFT C-119 COMBAT CARGO, KOREA - The 314th Troop Carrier Group C-119 Flying Boxcars do not start out for the "mountain" unless weather reports are good. They must be able to see the tiny drop zone on the peak before they can drop. But weather is so unpredictable in the high mountains, that often when the planes arrive, the entire area is "socked in" with heavy clouds. In the radio contact with the "men on the mountains," the pilots circle hoping for a break in the clouds, or sometimes, to dive under the clouds and drop on the lower slopes. On several occasions, the planes have had to return to Japan as many as three times without dropping. But 314th Troop Carrier Group pilots are presistant, and eventually win through to drop successfully. 1952

A U.S. Air Force Fairchild C-119B-10-FA Flying Boxcar of the 314th Troop Carrier Group in 1952. (image via Wikipedia)

Known for its fierce fighting and freezing weather, the Battle of Chosin Reservoir, Nov. 27 to Dec. 13, 1950, took place during the early stages of the Korean War. United Nations forces, comprised mainly of South Korean, American and British troops, had recently pushed the invading North Korean Army out of South Korean back north of the 38th parallel. Not stopping at the border, the UN forces continued pushing north to destroy any and all remnants of the North Korean Army. They soon approached North Korea’s border with China. This provoked China, a North Korean alley and fellow communist state, causing it to intervene in the war by sending hundreds-of-thousands of troops south to stop the advancing UN forces.

A tail-boom from the Fairchild C-119B Flying Boxcar #48-0352 “Am Can Co Special” is loaded into a C-5M Super Galaxy Dec. 19, 2016, at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif. This C-119 airdropped mobile bridge sections during the Battle of Chosin Reservoir during the Korean War. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Zachary Cacicia)

A tail-boom from the Fairchild C-119B Flying Boxcar #48-0352 “Am Can Co Special” is loaded into a C-5M Super Galaxy Dec. 19, 2016, at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif. This C-119 airdropped mobile bridge sections during the Battle of Chosin Reservoir during the Korean War. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Zachary Cacicia)

“During the battle the Chinese blew the bridge up,” said Jon Andrews, AMC Museum board member. “This trapped all the United Nations forces.” The blocked evacuation route was between Koto-ri and Hungnam. Surrounded by more than 120,000 Chinese soldiers, the trapped 30,000 UN troops were running out of options. A decision was made to airdrop mobile bridge sections to these forces, with the hope that they could be used to rebuild the bridge, effectively giving them an escape route. Eight C-119s, operated by the 314th Troop Carrier Group out of Ashiya Air Base, Japan, gathered to complete this mission. Out of the eight bridge sections dropped by parachute, four were used to build a usable bridge. This opened up a way for retreating UN forces.

Loadmasters from the 709th Airlift Squadron prepare to load the wings of the Fairchild C-119B Flying Boxcar #48-0352 “Am Can Co Special” into a C-5M Super Galaxy Dec. 19, 2016, at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif. The wings were the only portions of the C-119 to be loaded through the C-5M’s forward ramp. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Zachary Cacicia)

Loadmasters from the 709th Airlift Squadron prepare to load the wings of the Fairchild C-119B Flying Boxcar #48-0352 “Am Can Co Special” into a C-5M Super Galaxy Dec. 19, 2016, at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif. The wings were the only portions of the C-119 to be loaded through the C-5M’s forward ramp. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Zachary Cacicia)

Les Polley, AMC Museum aircraft restoration chief, was on the team that travelled to Edwards AFB to pick up the C-119. He is happy that this plane is coming to the museum. “It would have been sold for scrap metal,” he said. “A big piece of history would have been lost.” Work for the C-5M and 709th AS maybe over, but it has just started for Polley and his restoration crew. “We are going to go through a complete restoration on the airplane from the ground up,” said Polley.“ There’s a lot of corrosion, a lot of holes, a lot of missing parts. We will be scrounging all over the country looking for parts.”

Portions of the Fairchild C-119B Flying Boxcar #48-0352 “Am Can Co Special” sit inside a C-5M Super Galaxy’s cargo bay during a mission to bring it to the Air Mobility Command Museum Dec. 19, 2016, at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif. These aircraft portions weighed around 23,000 pounds. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Zachary Cacicia)

Portions of the Fairchild C-119B Flying Boxcar #48-0352 “Am Can Co Special” sit inside a C-5M Super Galaxy’s cargo bay during a mission to bring it to the Air Mobility Command Museum Dec. 19, 2016, at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif. These aircraft portions weighed around 23,000 pounds. (U.S. Air Force photo by Senior Airman Zachary Cacicia)

This C-119 served well past the Korean War. It ended its 17-year career with the 911th TCGat the Greater Pittsburgh International Airport in 1966. “We are going to restore it to what it looked like during the Korean War,” said Polley. “They had done a lot of modifications and upgrades after the war. We want it to look like it did back then, complete with nose art and everything.” Polley estimates that the whole restoration process will take a minimum of two years before for the C-119 is ready for display. “For the AMC Museum to have the opportunity to rescue and preserve this historic aircraft and to be able to restore it and tell the story of those that made its history, just does not get any better,” said Taylor. “The AMC Museum Restoration Team and I are honored to have been given this opportunity.”

The Air Mobility Command Museum is the only museum in the United States dedicated to airlift and air refueling historyThe museum houses over 30 aircraft varying in roles and sizes. Cargo haulers, fighters, helicopters, a presidential aircraft, and even a bomber.The museum, located at Dover AFB, Delaware, has free admission and parking. The museum is open Tuesday – Sunday, 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. For additional information on the AMC Museum, please visit their website at www.amcmuseum.org or call (302) 677-5939.

Story by Senior Airman Zachary Cacicia 

One Comment

  1. Dennis Schafer says:

    We are still looking for a few M2 Treadway bridge sections to complete the C-119 display at the AMC Museum. Anyone know of any leads on where we can locate any bridge sections?

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